20 Jun 2017 Support to recovery and reconstruction in Nepal
Working in partnership with, GLTN is implementing the STDM and other relevant GLTN tools and approaches including Fit- For Purpose (FFP), Participatory Enumerations and the Continuum of land rights to support recovery and reconstruction in Nepal, following the April 2015 massive earthquake. At least 14 districts were severely hit with more than 900,000 houses destroyed. Nearly 9000 people were killed and more than 23,000 injured. Due to raptures, landslides and destabilization caused by the earthquake, about 475 settlements require relocation.
The government installed the National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) to coordinate the activities for rebuilding the regions that were affected the most. NRA has implemented new guidelines to support landless people, (non-formal tenure holders), to get access to the grants to rebuild their homes which include; 1) a citizen certificate, 2) land ownership certificate and 3) Identity card granted by household survey as beneficiary due to loss. This is not available at present.
GLTN will support the development of community validation procedure, along the principles of participatory enumerations. Working with relevant authorities in Nepal, land stakeholders, civil society and affected communities, secure land will be identified for relocation and STDM will be used to map the relocation land parcels and link them with relevant attributes from enumerations. This information, once validated by the community, will be used to issue relevant certificate to facilitate allocation of grants to community members for housing reconstruction. As part of the implementation and ensuring sustainability, the community members are also to be trained on the use of these tools.
These activities feed into the “Support Land Reform in Nepal and Land Tenure Initiative in Asia Pacific” project which aims to support implementation of land reforms in Nepal; support improvement of earthquake recovery and resilience and tenure security of affected communities in at least 3 villages in Dholakha; and support improved regional capacity, partnerships, knowledge and awareness towards securing land and property rights in the Asia Pacific region.
We shall keep you posted on this front on this platform and on the GLTN website at http://www.gltn.net